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October 27, 2014 - Signal, Noise & Fundamental Factors

| October 27, 2014
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After several weeks of dismal performance, equities shook off their worries and rallied enthusiastically on solid quarterly earnings giving the S&P 500 its biggest weekly gain of the year. For the week, the S&P 500 gained 4.12%, the Dow grew 2.59%, and the Nasdaq surged 5.29%, erasing much of their losses from previous weeks.[1] Last week, we discussed some of the factors behind the recent pullback; what changed in a single week? Fundamentally, very little. However, investors regained their optimism on the reminder that many companies are still doing quite well in the economic recovery. Traders also took the opportunity to buy the dip, which added buying pressure, pushing markets up.

Markets are fundamentally forward-looking, and while global growth fears remain, investors are looking at the earnings growth picture, and realizing that the picture looks reasonably good. Not great, to be sure, but so far, S&P 500 firms are reporting 4.1% year-over-year earnings growth on 4.7% revenue growth, with about 41% of the S&P 500 firms reporting as of October 24.[2] If we leave out the struggling Finance sector, earnings growth jumps to 5.5%. These results are largely in line with performance in recent quarters, though earnings growth is below the four-quarter average, largely because of weak performance in the Finance and Technology sectors.[3] All told: Firms seem to be holding their own and turning profits, despite some weak demand issues.

Does this mean that the pullback is over? Hard to say. Markets are responding more to perception and noise than they are to fundamental factors right now. That means that more turbulence - and perhaps downward movement - can be expected in coming weeks. On the other hand, if earnings and economic fundamentals continue to look good, we may see a continuation of the rally.

Looking ahead, earnings reports from the energy and healthcare sectors will dominate this week; the two sectors represent opposite sides of the market. Healthcare was one of the big success stories of the year, while energy companies have struggled with declining oil prices.[4] While analysts expect weak results from many energy firms, they will be paying close attention to forward guidance; if energy leaders foresee a weak global economic environment, investors could respond with another attack of the nerves.

The week ahead is also heavy in economic data, with the Federal Reserve's Open Market Committee meeting and a first look at Q3 Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The Fed is widely expected to announce the end of quantitative easing at this week's meeting; analysts also expect the formal announcement at the end of the meeting to signal a more cautious Fed and their desire to let economic data decide future policy moves.[5]

Altogether, a big week ahead. We'll keep you informed.

ECONOMIC CALENDAR:

Monday: Pending Home Sales Index, Dallas Fed Mfg. Survey
Tuesday: Durable Goods Orders, S&P Case-Shiller HPI, Consumer Confidence
Wednesday: EIA Petroleum Status Report, FOMC Meeting Announcement
Thursday: GDP, Jobless Claims
Friday: Personal Income and Outlays, Employment Cost Index, Chicago PMI, Consumer Sentiment



Notes: All index returns exclude reinvested dividends, and the 5-year and 10-year returns are annualized. Sources: Yahoo! Finance and Treasury.gov. International performance is represented by the MSCI EAFE Index. Corporate bond performance is represented by the DJCBP. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Indices are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly.

HEADLINES:

Jobless claims remain close to 14-year low. Jobless claims inched higher last week, but stayed below pre-recession levels, suggesting that the labor market is firming up. The four-week moving average of claims, considered to be a less volatile measure, fell to the lowest level since May 2000.[6]

New home sales at six-year high. Purchases of new single-family homes rose to a multi-year high in September, though revisions to August numbers suggest sales remain on a lower trend. Single-family home sales tend to be volatile, but lower mortgage rates could spur more sales.[7]

European Central Bank fails 25 in stress test. The ECB failed 25 Eurozone lenders during a series of financial health tests. Though banks have improved markedly since last year's tests, a few still have to raise more capital to protect against another potential financial crisis.[8]

Inflation indicator remains tame. Overall consumer prices rose a tepid 0.1% in September after falling 0.2% in August. Year over year, headline inflation is up 1.7%, indicating that inflation remains soft and is giving the Federal Reserve breathing room to manage interest rates.[9]


These are the views of Platinum Advisor Marketing Strategies, LLC, and not necessarily those of the named representative, Broker dealer or Investment Advisor, and should not be construed as investment advice. Neither the named representative nor the named Broker dealer or Investment Advisor gives tax or legal advice. All information is believed to be from reliable sources; however, we make no representation as to its completeness or accuracy. Please consult your financial advisor for further information.


Investing involves risk including the potential loss of principal. No investment strategy can guarantee a profit or protect against loss in periods of declining values.

Diversification does not guarantee profit nor is it guaranteed to protect assets.

The Standard & Poor's 500 (S&P 500) is an unmanaged group of securities considered to be representative of the stock market in general.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is a price-weighted average of 30 significant stocks traded on the New York Stock Exchange and the NASDAQ. The DJIA was invented by Charles Dow back in 1896.

The Nasdaq Composite is an index of the common stocks and similar securities listed on the NASDAQ stock market and is considered a broad indicator of the performance of stocks of technology companies and growth companies.

The MSCI EAFE Index was created by Morgan Stanley Capital International (MSCI) that serves as a benchmark of the performance in major international equity markets as represented by 21 major MSCI indexes from Europe, Australia and Southeast Asia.

The Dow Jones Corporate Bond Index is a 96-bond index designed to represent the market performance, on a total-return basis, of investment-grade bonds issued by leading U.S. companies. Bonds are equally weighted by maturity cell, industry sector, and the overall index.

The S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Indices are the leading measures of U.S. residential real estate prices, tracking changes in the value of residential real estate. The index is made up of measures of real estate prices in 20 cities and weighted to produce the index.

The 10-year Treasury Note represents debt owed by the United States Treasury to the public. Since the U.S. Government is seen as a risk-free borrower, investors use the 10-year Treasury Note as a benchmark for the long-term bond market.

Google Finance is the source for any reference to the performance of an index between two specific periods.

Opinions expressed are subject to change without notice and are not intended as investment advice or to predict future performance.

Past performance does not guarantee future results.

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  1. http://goo.gl/S8Alos
  2. http://www.zacks.com/commentary/
  3. http://www.zacks.com/commentary/
  4. http://www.marketwatch.com/story/
  5. http://www.ft.com/fastft/226072/
  6. http://www.cnbc.com/id/102113600
  7. http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/24/
  8. http://www.reuters.com/article/
  9. http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/22/
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